Category Archives: Data Security

Working Party welcomes the draft ePrivacy Regulation, yet expresses grave concerns

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The Working Party recently issued its first Opinion for 2017, focusing on the EU Commission’s proposed ePrivacy Regulation (WP 247, Opinion 01/2017). The Commission’s proposal, which was published in January this year, aims to modernize the existing ePrivacy Directive (2002/58/EC as amended by 2009/136/EC) which concerns the protection of personal data in the context of electronic communication services. In its Opinion, the Working Party overall welcomed the proposed regulation, yet expressed several points of concern and suggested amendments. The congratulations… In welcoming the regulation, [...] Read more

May 30 is Fast Approaching – Are You Ready for Compliance with the Amended Act on Protection of Personal Information in Japan?

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Japan’s Act on Protection of Personal Information currently in force (“Current APPI”) dates back to 2003.  It was originally enacted on May 30, 2003, and came into effect in 2005.  Ten years later, the National Diet passed extensive reforms to modernize the Current APPI in September, 2015.  Although the Amended Act on Protection of Personal Information (“Amended APPI”) has been partly in effect, it will come fully into effect on May 30, 2017. It is important to note that the Amended APPI applies to “personal information handling business operators” which is defined as a person [...] Read more

New Mexico Data Breach Legislation Passes

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New Mexico recently became the 48th state to pass some form of data breach notification legislation, leaving Alabama and South Dakota as the lone holdouts.  The Data Breach Notification Act was signed by New Mexico Governor Susana Martinez on April 6, 2017.  The law applies to persons that own or license personal identifying information of New Mexico residents, defined as an individual’s first name or first initial and last name in combination with a social security number, driver’s license number, government-issued ID number, account number plus security or access code or password, or biometric [...] Read more

New York Attorney General Announces Record Number of Data Breach Notices in 2016

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On March 21, 2017, New York Attorney General (NYAG) Eric T. Schneiderman announced that his office had received a record breaking 1,282 data breach notices to his office affecting 1.6 million New York residents during 2016. Compared to 2015, these figures represent a 60 percent increase in the number of notices and a 300 percent increase in the number of New York residents affected. These research figures build on the NYAG’s 2014 report “Information Exposed: Historical Examination of Data Security in New York State,” which analyzed eight years of security breach statistics in New York from [...] Read more

Australia Adopts New Data Breach Notification Legislation

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On February 13, 2017 Australia became one more among nation states adopting data breach notification legislation. In recent House and Senate votes, the Australian Parliament amended the Privacy Act 1988, introducing mandatory data breach notification requirements for entities regulated by the Privacy Act. Who is Subject to the New Legislation? The recent bill requires entities with revenue over $3 million AUD ($2.3 million USD) and certain credit reporting bodies and recipients of tax file number information to notify both the Australian Information Commissioner and affected individuals “as [...] Read more

Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield Finalized

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On January 11, U.S. and Swiss authorities announced final agreement on the Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework. The Framework defines standards for handling personal data exported from Switzerland to the U.S. and enables U.S. companies to meet Swiss legal requirements to protect personal data transferred from Switzerland. The Framework is a successor to the former Swiss-U.S. Safe Harbor framework, which was declared invalid by the Swiss data protection commissioner following the invalidation of Safe Harbor by the European Court of Justice.   U.S. companies may participate in the Framework [...] Read more

New York State Financial Services Regulator Issues Proposed Cybersecurity Regulations

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On September 13, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo announced the issuance of proposed “first-in-the-nation” cybersecurity regulations for entities regulated by the New York Department of Financial Services (DFS), including jurisdictional banks, insurance companies, and other financial institutions.  The proposed regulation will be subject to a 45-day comment period prior to being issued as a final rule.  Once finalized, the regulation would become effective on January 1, 2017, at which point a 180 day "transitional period" would go into effect, during which entities would need to come into compliance [...] Read more

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Issues Emergency Preparedness Requirements That Address Cyber-Attacks

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The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) issued a final rule on September 8th, 2016 establishing national emergency preparedness requirements for providers and suppliers participating in Medicare and Medicaid in response to “inconsistency in the level of emergency preparedness amongst healthcare providers.”  The rule will be officially published in the Federal Register on September 16th, 2016, and providers and suppliers subject to the rule must comply by November 15th, 2017.  Notably, CMS describes cyber-attacks as a potential risk to assess when implementing the emergency [...] Read more

Report Suggests Organizations Still Vulnerable to Credential Management and Network Segmentation Attacks

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The Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) published its 2016 mid-year review on August 22, 2016, highlighting large incidents of malware infections, with particular emphasis on ransomware and click fraud malware.  In contrast to the MS-ISAC report, however, an August 2016 report suggests most organizations would benefit from addressing issues of credential management and network segmentation.  The report is based on data collected over the course of 100 internal penetration tests (i.e., tests assuming one user on the network has already had their account compromised) on [...] Read more

FTC seeks public comment on Safeguards Rule and proposed changes

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On August 29, 2016, the FTC announced it is seeking public comment on its Safeguards Rule as part of a systematic review of all FTC rules and guides. The Safeguards Rule came into force in 2003 after the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) required that the FTC and other agencies establish administrative, technical, and physical information security standards for financial institutions. Of particular note is the FTC’s call for comments on whether it should reference or incorporate other standards, such as PCI-DSS or NIST standards, which may signal a shift from the FTC’s previous resistance toward [...] Read more